What is OPS in Baseball: Complete Guide

What is OPS in Baseball

In baseball, “OPS” stands for “On-base Plus Slugging.” It’s a statistic that combines a player’s on-base percentage (OBP) and slugging percentage (SLG) into one number to evaluate their overall offensive performance. OPS provides a comprehensive measure of a player’s ability to get on base and hit for power. It’s often used by analysts, scouts, and fans to assess a player’s offensive contribution to their team. A higher OPS generally indicates a more productive hitter.

What Does OPS Stand For?

OPS stands for On-base Plus Slugging. It’s a comprehensive statistic that combines a player’s on-base percentage (OBP) and slugging percentage (SLG) into a single number. Read about What Does BB Mean in Baseball

How is OPS Calculated?

The formula for OPS is straightforward: OPS = OBP + SLG. By adding a player’s OBP to their SLG, OPS provides a holistic view of their offensive contribution.

Baseball Player
Baseball Player

Understanding the Components of OPS

On-base Percentage (OBP): OBP measures how often a player reaches base. It considers hits, walks, and hit-by-pitches, providing insight into a player’s ability to get on base.

Slugging Percentage (SLG): SLG quantifies a player’s power at the plate. It takes into account the number of bases a player earns per at-bat, emphasizing extra-base hits like doubles, triples, and home runs. Discover about How Long is a Baseball Game

Importance of OPS in Baseball

OPS serves as a valuable tool for evaluating player performance and comparing offensive abilities across different players. A higher OPS generally indicates a more effective hitter.

Historical Context of OPS

The concept of OPS emerged as part of the broader movement towards advanced statistical analysis in baseball, which gained traction in the late 20th century. As teams began to recognize the limitations of traditional metrics, OPS offered a more nuanced perspective on offensive production. Learn about How Many Innings in a Baseball Game

Famous Players with High OPS

Players like Babe Ruth, Barry Bonds, and Ted Williams are renowned for their exceptional OPS throughout their careers. Analyzing their performances provides insight into the significance of OPS in assessing player greatness.

How OPS Influences Team Strategy

Teams use OPS to inform various strategic decisions, including player acquisitions, lineup construction, and in-game tactics. Players with high OPS values are often prized assets in the baseball marketplace.

Criticism and Limitations of OPS

While OPS provides valuable information, critics argue that it can oversimplify player evaluation by neglecting other essential factors such as baserunning and defense. Additionally, OPS may not account for situational contexts, leading to potential distortions in player value.

Advanced Metrics Beyond OPS

In response to the shortcomings of OPS, analysts have developed more sophisticated metrics like Weighted On-base Average (wOBA) and Adjusted OPS (OPS+), which provide a more nuanced understanding of offensive performance.

Using OPS in Fantasy Baseball

Fantasy baseball enthusiasts often rely on OPS to assess player value and make strategic decisions in their leagues. Understanding how OPS translates to fantasy points can give players a competitive edge.

Fantasy Baseball
Fantasy Baseball


Improving Your OPS

For players looking to enhance their offensive performance, focusing on components like plate discipline, power development, and situational hitting can help elevate their OPS.

OPS Leaders in Recent Seasons

Analyzing OPS leaders in recent seasons reveals trends in offensive production and highlights standout performers across the league.


OPS has become a fundamental metric in baseball analytics, offering valuable insights into player performance and influencing strategic decision-making for teams and fantasy players alike. While it’s not without its limitations, OPS remains a powerful tool for evaluating offensive contributions on the field.


  • 1. What is a good OPS in baseball?
  • A generally accepted benchmark for a good OPS is around .800 or higher, although this can vary depending on factors like position and ballpark effects.
  • 2. Can OPS be negative?
  • Yes, OPS can theoretically be negative if a player has a negative on-base percentage and slugging percentage. However, this is extremely rare in practice.
  • 3. Is OPS the best metric for evaluating hitters?
  • While OPS provides valuable information, it’s not the only metric to consider. Other advanced metrics like wOBA and OPS+ offer additional insights into offensive performance.
  • 4. Do pitchers have OPS?
  • While pitchers don’t have an OPS statistic in the traditional sense, some analysts have explored the concept of “reverse OPS” to evaluate pitcher effectiveness at the plate.
  • 5. How often is OPS used in baseball analysis?
  • OPS is widely used in baseball analysis, both by professional teams and amateur enthusiasts. It has become a standard metric for evaluating offensive performance.

Leave a Comment